亚虎娱乐城

手机APP下载

您现在的位置: 首页 > 考研亚虎娱乐城网址 > 考研阅读 > 历年考研阅读真题附MP3 > 正文

2013年考研亚虎娱乐城网址(二)阅读真题(MP3+字幕)第3篇 Snap decisions

来源:可可亚虎娱乐城网址 编辑:max   VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
 下载MP3到电脑  批量下载MP3和LRC到手机
加载中..
Scientists have found that although we are prone to snap overreactions, if we take a moment and think about how we are likely to react, we can reduce or even eliminate the negative effects of our quick, hard-wired responses.
科学家已经发现:虽然我们易于快速地做出过度反应,但是如果我们花点时间考虑一下我们可能做出的反应,就可以减少,甚至是消除我们快速、本能的反应所带来的消极影响。
Snap decisions can be important defense mechanisms; if we are judging whether someone is dangerous, our brains and bodies are hard-wired to react very quickly, within milliseconds. But we need more time to assess other factors. To accurately tell whether someone is sociable, studies show, we need at least a minute, preferably five. It takes a while to judge complex aspects of personality, like neuroticism or open-mindedness.
快速决策可以是身体重要的防御机制;如果我们是在判断某人是否是个危险人物,我们的大脑和身体会自发地在几毫秒钟内做出快速反应。但是,若要评定其它因素,我们则需要更多的时间。研究表明:要准确地辨别某人是否是好交际的,我们至少需要一分钟的时间,五分钟会更好。想要评判复杂的性格方面,如或是神经过敏或是思想开阔等,就更要花上一段时间了。
But snap decisions in reaction to rapid stimuli aren't exclusive to the interpersonal realm. Psychologists at the University of Toronto found that viewing a fast-food logo for just a few milliseconds primes us to read 20 percent faster, even though reading has little to do with eating. We unconsciously associate fast food with speed and impatience and carry those impulses into whatever else we're doing. Subjects exposed to fast-food flashes also tend to think a musical piece lasts too long.
另外,以应对快速刺激而做出的快速决策并不专属于人际范畴。多伦多大学的心理学家们曾发现:即便阅读和吃东西没什么关系,用短短几毫秒的时间看一家快餐店的标志还是会刺激人们提高20%的阅读速度。我们一想到快餐,就无意识地联想起快速和急躁,并把这些一时产生的情绪带到我们正在做的任何事情当中。接触一闪而过快餐标志的受试者们也往往会认为一段音乐持续时间的太长了。
Yet we can reverse such influences. If we know we will overreact to consumer products or housing options when we see a happy face (one reason good sales representatives and real estate agents are always smiling), we can take a moment before buying. If we know female job screeners are more likely to reject attractive female applicants, we can help screeners understand their biases-or hire outside screeners.
然而,我们可以完全改变这些影响。如果我们知道看见笑脸相迎会让我在选择消费产品或房屋时做出过度的反应(这是销售代理和房产中介总是面带笑容的一个很好的理由),我们可以在购买之前等上一段时间。如果我们知道女性招聘官们更加有可能拒绝有魅力的女性求职者,我们就可以帮助招聘们认识到他们的偏见,亦或是雇佣独立招聘官们。
John Gottman, the marriage expert, explains that we quickly "thin slice" information reliably only after we ground such snap reactions in "thick sliced" long-term study. When Dr. Gottman really wants to assess whether a couple will stay together, he invites them to his island retreat for a much longer evaluation; two days, not two seconds.
婚姻专家约翰·戈特曼解释说:我们的快速反应只有基于对"大块"信息进行长期的研究之后,我们才能信赖我们快速汲取的"薄片"信息。在戈特曼非常想要评定两个人将是否会共同生活,他会为了进行更长期的评价工作而邀请他们去他岛上的修养之所呆上是两天,而不是两秒。
Our ability to mute our hard-wired reactions by pausing is what differentiates us from animals: dogs can think about the future only intermittently or for a few minutes. But historically we have spent about 12 percent of our days contemplating the longer term. Although technology might change the way we react, it hasn't changed our nature. We still have the imaginative capacity to rise above temptation and reverse the high-speed trend.
我们具有通过暂停来减缓我们本能反应的能力,这使我们有别于动物: 狗智能断断续续地思考未来,思考时间只能持续几分钟。但是,从个人历史的角度来看,我们每天花了12%的时间思索更长远的事情。尽管科技可能了改变我们反应的方式,但科技还没有改变我们的天性。我们仍然有富于想象的能力,让我们不受诱惑的影响,并完全改变高速的发展趋势。
重点单词   查看全部解释    
capacity [kə'pæsiti]
想一想再看
n. 能力,容量,容积; 资格,职位
adj.
联想记忆
associate [ə'səuʃieit]
想一想再看
n. 同伴,伙伴,合伙人
n. 准学士学位获得
联想记忆
realm [relm]
想一想再看
n. 王国,领域
联想记忆
negative ['negətiv]
想一想再看
adj. 否定的,负的,消极的
n. 底片,负
联想记忆
estate [is'teit]
想一想再看
n. 财产,房地产,状态,遗产
联想记忆
temptation [temp'teiʃən]
想一想再看
n. 诱惑,引诱
 
understand [.ʌndə'stænd]
想一想再看
vt. 理解,懂,听说,获悉,将 ... 理解为,认为<
 
retreat [ri'tri:t]
想一想再看
n. 休息寓所,撤退,隐居
v. 撤退,向后倾
联想记忆
intermittently
想一想再看
adv. 间歇地
 
trend [trend]
想一想再看
n. 趋势,倾向,方位
vi. 倾向,转向
联想记忆

新东方考研网络课程:试听更多考研网络课程>>

发布评论我来说2句

    亚虎娱乐城网址学习节目推荐

    可可亚虎娱乐城网址官方微信(微信号:ikekenet)

    每天向大家推送短小精悍的亚虎娱乐城网址学习资料.

    添加方式1.扫描上方可可官方微信二维码。
    添加方式2.搜索微信号ikekenet添加即可。
    亚虎娱乐城龙8国际pt老虎亚虎国际齐乐娱乐
    优发娱乐齐乐娱乐优发娱乐龙8娱乐官网
    优发娱乐龙8国际pt老虎亚虎国际梦之城娱乐
    亚虎娱乐城亚虎娱乐城亚虎娱乐场齐乐娱乐
    优发娱乐齐乐娱乐优发娱乐龙8娱乐官网